Company UAZ that celebrated 60 years of its existence this year is thankful the Second World War for its establishment even though it is a paradox. In May 1941 the war came closer to the boarders of Moscow and the "Gosudarstvennyj komitět oborony" (GKO - State defense committee ) decided about the evacuation of main production plants to Siberia, to Ural and beyond the river Volga. The transport lasted for 2 months and the beginning of production on two places.
   From the beginning of 1942 in Uljanovsk started a new production of bombs for airplanes. In May 1942 was produced first 5 pieces of vehicles ZiS-5. In July the plants was producing from 20-30 vehicles daily and the plant originally called as the 4th subsidiary of Moscow company ZiS (Závod imeni Stalina) obtained its own name UASZiS - "Uljanovskyj AvtoSboročnyj Závod imeni Stalina". The main focus of UASZiS was to produce vehicles ZiS-5 under the name UASZiS-5 (see photo).
History    In spring 1943 the main constructor of the plant UASZiS got a task to invent a new truck with a diesel engine. On the 22nd June 1943 GKO decided to build a new vehicle plant. The board of committee of the town Uljanovsk located 2000 hectares of a land beyond the river Svijag. At the beginning of spring 1944 the whole team of constructors moved to a new location. The company got a new name UlZiS - "Uljanovskyj Závod imeni Stalina" . In autumn 1944 a truck with own diesel engine construction was introduced called UlZiS - 253 (see photo). Unfortunately its own series production did not happen…
History    In 1945 a production of personal vehicles KIM-10-50 was moved to Uljanovs (see photo). From the end of 1944 was slowly moving the production of legendary truck GAZ - AA and its war version GAZ - MM from GAZ to Uljanovsk.
    On 26th October 1947 was the first vehicle of this series made in Uljanovsk under the name UAZ - AA (see photo). From 1947 until now the company has not changed its name UAZ - "Uljanovskyj Avtomobilnyj Závod". However the name was obtained till 1947. Officially the year 1944 is considered to be the date of establishment where the company gained mark "závod" " plant" UlZiS.
History    In 1950 a new low tonnage vehicle UAZ-300 (see photo) with engine from GAZ M20 POBĚDA vehicle was invented and made. It had 4-grade gear box. However this vehicle was not implemented into series production.
History    In summer 1955 the Minister of vehicle industry of SSSR ordered UAZ to be in charge of the production of vehicles GAZ 69, GAZ 69A and trailers GAZ-704 (see photo). The vehicles whose constructor was a genius G. Vasserman was being produced (since already 1953)by Gorkovskij Avtomobilnyj Závod (Plant) thus GAZ.
    First "kids" (that is a nickname that received all terrain vehicles UAZ, author's remark) were produced from parts delivered from Gork.
History    Since 1956 UAZ started to export these vehicle into the whole world. In 1959 was possible to find vehicles marked GAZ 69 or UAZ 69 in 22 countries. GAZ 69 lasted in the production programme of the company until 1972.


    Two years later, in 1958, company UAZ started to produce vehicles of its own production with four wheel drive: low tonnage UAZ 450D, ambulance UAZ 450A and UAZ 451 with rear axle drive. Al of these vehicles characterized "microbus" body of round shapes with turned windscreen allowing good view from the vehicle. Thanks to the drive on all wheels and good driving characteristics the vehicle did not have in those day and competitors.
    In January 1961 UAZ prepared a new modification with a lorry superstructure.


    In 1965 UAZ expanded its model series in UAZ 452A and UAZ 451D a vehicle with a chassis full of snow, with skies instead of wheel on the front axle and with belts on the rear axle under the name UAZ 451S (see photo).
    After 6 years of work on a new body version a new vehicle UAZ 469 was officially introduced. Unfortunately former Ministry of vehicle industry did not want to hear about any chance on production belt of still favorite and well-introduced vehicle GAZ 69. Not-till 1972 and model UAZ 469 (see photo) tried to have go at model GAZ 69.


    In 1974 UAZ 469 went up to the peak of the mountain ELBRUS, up to 4.000 m above sea level in 25 minutes (this performance was repeated till the end of 90s by a group of fan on vehicles LAND ROVER DEFENDER).
    In 1983 a group of UAZ constructers invented a new model of a floating terrain vehicle - amfibie under the mark UAZ 3907 "JAGUAR" (see photo). That vehicle came from UAZ 469 could reach 10 kmh in water and up to 100 kmh on shore. Unfortunately was not accepted for series production. The team of its constructers was honored and obtained a special bonus for its technical solution.


In 1985 was a reindexation of the whole model serie and from that year until now there is a new marking of UAZ vehicle:

Terrain vehicles

  • UAZ 469 (army version) - UAZ 3151-01
  • UAZ 469B (commercial ver.) - UAZ 31512-01
  • UAZ 469B (commercial ver.) - UAZ 31512-01
  • UAZ 469BG (ambulance ver.) - UAZ 3152-01


  • UAZ 452 - UAZ 3741
  • UAZ 452A (ambulance) - UAZ 3962


  • UAZ 452D - UAZ 3303


    In the year 1992 there was another interesting make with a mark UAZ 3171 respectively UAZ 3171 (see photo). The vehicle had clearance height 330 mm above the road; there was possibility of three differential blockages, steering booster and many others. It was maybe the possible successor of the make UAZ 3151 but according to the high popularity of the original make it did not succeed to take part in the series production.
    On the 13th February 1997 a new guild was opened to produce a new make UAZ 3160 and a quild for a small-scale production was introduced. The first piece of this production was a make UAZ 3153 so the extended version of vehicle 3151.  


5On the 5th August 1997 a new testing series of a new vehicle UAZ 3160 rolled off in a new modernized and extended look, designed with regards to traditional design of old UAZ 469. Solid chassis was kept, but it was extended, strengthened and equipped with new components. This chassis is used also in UAZ Hunter models.  ZUAZ 3160 gained big popularity in Czech Republic as well, when in 2002 AUTO MAX Company based in Radikovice homologated the vehicle within small series homologation in N1G category. This success opened Czech commercial market for UAZ brand. After 7 years of sales, UAZ 3160 was completed with UAZ 3162, and later it was completely replaced by newer longer wheelbase model, which was sold under “SIMBIR” trade name. In Czech Republic, these vehicles were being equipped with turbodiesel Andoria engines. These engines were perfect fit mainly because of maximum simplicity and reliability, and these engines were the last automotive engines in EU, which did not required ECU (electronic computer unit – injection system controlled by computer). This engine made UAZ very popular in Czech Republic because of low price, simplicity, reliability and availability of cheap spare parts. In 2007 UAZ product line was modernized, and the new vehicle was introduced under trademark “Patriot.” 

UAZ Patriot is based on its predecessors 3160 and 3162, it was however completely overworked. New wider Spicer axles were used, 40901 engine was modernized, there was also new primary gearbox available – Korean DYMOS. Also interior went under modernization – new soft plastic materials and other comfort equipment were added. UAZ Patriot under 3163 number marking risen the competitiveness of the Russian brand even more, not only in Czech Republic, but also in whole Central and East Europe. 
With rising standard of living with rising technological development in Uljanovsk manufacturer understood, that even nice looking exterior, Patriot is still “only” offroad vehicle. Therefore Patriot passed trough extensive facelift in 2009. Car got all seats from SSANG YONG vehicles, new brake system, modernized ZMZ 409040 EURO3 engine, new heater systems, new wiper system and new equipment levels were introduced. Uljanovsk manufacturer offered air conditioning for the first time, new designs of alloy wheels and other design improving components were applied. New mainly metallic paints were introduced, radiator grill was modernized and in 2009 it was finally introduced long expected 2363 Pickup double cabin. It was made in style of 3163 Patriot; the same facelift was proceeded also to 2360 model, which got also Cargo Box and Isothermal Box versions.

 Year 2010 was full of changes again. However new F1A engine was introduced for Patriot model, however new 3164 Patriot Sport model was introduced, the most of the changes happened in Czech Republic. AUTO MAX Company was able to immediately homologate both new 2363 pickup and 3164 Patriot Sport, but also introduced new Iveco F1A power plant. Facelifted 2360 was also introduced, but the biggest success was introduction of UAZ 3151 Hunter. AUTO MAX company passed EURO4 homologation for this model as well. 
Last news is successful homologation of wonderful UAZ 452 in EURO4 standard. Notoriously well known “Buchanka” is today available with modern EURO4 engine ZMZ 409040 16 V. After modernization of legend from Great Britain, UAZ is the last utility offroad vehicles manufacturer, which offers the last true utility 4x4’s.  
Michal ICE Hodík © 2004, Miroslav Vejman ml. © 2011


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